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一个国家、一个民族不能没有灵魂
[学习路上]  2019-04-29 作者: 来源:求是、学习强国


2019年3月4日下午,中共中央总书记、国家主席、中央军委主席习近平看望参加全国政协十三届二次会议的文化艺术界、社会科学界委员,并参加联组会,听取意见和建议。 新华社记者 姚大伟/摄


澳门AG 2018NIANSHIJIBUPINGFANDEYINIAN。ZAISHIXIAN“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAODEDAOLUSHANG,WOMENMANHUAIXINXIN、JIANDINGQIANXING,HENXINKU、YEHENCHONGSHI,YOUFUCHU、GENGYOUSHOUHUO。ZHONGGONGZHONGYANGTUANJIEDAILINGQUANDANGQUANGUOGEZURENMIN,JIANCHIWENZHONGQIUJINGONGZUOZONGJIDIAO,WOGUOJINGJIZENGZHANGBAOCHIZAIHELIQUJIAN,SHEHUIDAJUBAOCHIWENDING,RENMINQUNZHONGHUODEGAN、XINGFUGAN、ANQUANGANCHIXUZENGQIANG,SHIXIANLEGUANCHELUOSHIZHONGGONGSHIJIUDAJINGSHENKAIMENHONG。WOMENLONGZHONGQINGZHUGAIGEKAIFANG40ZHOUNIAN,ZHEISHIYIGEWEIDADELISHISHIQI,ZAIZHONGGUOJIQIANNIANDELISHISHANG,GAIGEKAIFANG40NIAN、ZHONGHUARENMINGONGHEGUOCHENGLI70NIAN,ZHEIDOUSHIWEIDADE。ZONGJIEGAIGEKAIFANGWEIDACHENGJIU、BAOGUIJINGYAN,JIANDINGBUYIQUANMIANSHENHUAGAIGEKAIFANG,QUANDANGQUANGUOGEZURENMINTUIJINGAIGEKAIFANGDEJUEXINXINXINGENGJIAJIANDING。ZHEIXIECHENGJILAIZHIBUYI,SHIZHONGGONGZHONGYANGJIANQIANGLINGDAODEJIEGUO,SHIQUANGUOGEZURENMINTUANJIEFENDOUDEJIEGUO,YENINGJIEZHEBAOKUOZAIZUOGEWEITONGZHIZAINEIDEGUANGDAZHENGXIEWEIYUANDEXINXUEHEZHIHUI。

DANGZHONGYANGYIZHIGAODUZHONGSHIWENHUAWENYISHIYE、ZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUESHIYE。2014NIAN10YUE、2016NIAN5YUE,WOFENBIEZHUCHIZHAOKAIWENYIGONGZUOZUOTANHUI、ZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEGONGZUOZUOTANHUIBINGZUOLEJIANGHUA。JINIANLAI,WENHUAYISHUJIE、SHEHUIKEXUEJIEZENGQIANG“SIGEYISHI”、JIANDING“SIGEZIXIN”、ZUODAO“LIANGGEWEIHU”,JINJINWEIRAOJUQIZHI、JUMINXIN、YUXINREN、XINGWENHUA、ZHANXINGXIANGDESHIMINGRENWU,ZAIZHENGBENQINGYUANSHANGZHANXIANXINDANDANG,ZAISHOUZHENGCHUANGXINSHANGSHIXIANXINZUOWEI,MAKESIZHUYIZHIDAODIWEIGENGJIAGONGGU,WEIRENMINCHUANGZUODEDAOXIANGGENGJIAXIANMING,WENHUAWENYICHUANGZUOSHENGCHANZHILIANGBUDUANTISHENG,ZHONGGUOTESEZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEJIANSHEJIAKUAITUIJIN,QUDELEXIANZHUCHENGJI。ZHENGBENQINGYUAN、SHOUZHENGCHUANGXIN,YIGEGUOJIA、YIGEMINZUBUNENGMEIYOULINGHUN,ZUOWEIJINGSHENSHIYE,WENHUAWENYI、ZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEDANGRANJIUSHIYIGELINGHUNDECHUANGZUO,YISHIBUNENGMEIYOU,YISHIBUNENGHUNLUAN。

WENHUAYISHUJIE、SHEHUIKEXUEJIEDEZHENGXIEWEIYUANZUOLEDALIANGGONGZUO,WEIRAOPEIYUHEJIANXINGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN、JIANDINGWENHUAZIXINJIANGHAOZHONGGUOGUSHI、TUIDONGSHEHUIZHUYIWENYIFANRONGFAZHAN、WANSHANGONGGONGWENHUAFUWUTIXI、YINGZAOFENGQINGQIZHENGWANGLUOKONGJIANDENGXIESHANGYIZHENG。2018NIAN,JIUHONGYANGLAOMOJINGSHENHEGONGJIANGJINGSHEN、JIAQIANGHONGSEZIYUANBAOHUHELIYONG、TUIDONGWENHUACHUANGYICHANYEFAZHANDENGDIAOYANJIANYAN,DUICUJINKEXUEJUECE、YOUXIAOSHIZHENGFAHUILEZHONGYAOZUOYONG。

ZONGDEKAN,GUOQUJINIAN,WENHUAYISHUJIE、SHEHUIKEXUEJIEMINGFANGXIANG、ZHENGDAOXIANG,ZHUANZUOFENG、SHUXINFENG,CHUJINGPIN、YURENCAI,SHIYEFAZHANXINXINXIANGRONG,DUIWUMIANMAOHUANRANYIXIN。

WENHUAWENYIGONGZUO、ZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEGONGZUOZAIDANGHEGUOJIAQUANJUGONGZUOZHONGJUYUSHIFENZHONGYAODEDIWEI,ZAIXINSHIDAIJIANCHIHEFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHONGJUYOUSHIFENZHONGYAODEZUOYONG。ZAIQUNIANZHAOKAIDEQUANGUOXUANCHUANSIXIANGGONGZUOHUIYISHANG,WODUIZUOHAOXINXINGSHIXIAWENHUAWENYIGONGZUO、ZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEGONGZUOTICHULEYAOQIU。JIEZHEIGEJIHUI,ZAIJIANGJIDIANYIJIAN。

第一,希望大家坚持与时代同步伐。古人讲:“文章合为时而著,歌诗合为事而作。”所谓“为时”、“为事”,就是要发时代之先声,在时代发展中有所作为。去年,我们隆重庆祝改革开放40周年,表彰了100名改革先锋,其中就有许多作家艺术家、社会科学家,像李谷一、李雪健、施光南、蒋子龙、谢晋、路遥、樊锦诗、厉以宁、林毅夫、王家福、胡福明、许崇德、杜润生、郑德荣等,他们都是紧跟时代、奉献时代的优秀代表。

ZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIJINRULEXINSHIDAI,XINSHIDAIHUHUANZHEJIECHUDEWENXUEJIA、YISHUJIA、LILUNJIA,WENYICHUANGZUO、XUESHUCHUANGXINYONGYOUWUBIGUANGKUODEKONGJIAN。XIWANGDAJIAJIANDINGWENHUAZIXIN,BAWOSHIDAIMAIBO,LINGTINGSHIDAISHENGYIN,CHENGDANJILUXINSHIDAI、SHUXIEXINSHIDAI、OUGEXINSHIDAIDESHIMING,YONGYUHUIDASHIDAIKETI,CONGDANGDAIZHONGGUODEWEIDACHUANGZAOZHONGFAXIANCHUANGZUODEZHUTI、BUZHUOCHUANGXINDELINGGAN,SHENKEFANYINGWOMENZHEIGESHIDAIDELISHIJUBIAN,MIAOHUIWOMENZHEIGESHIDAIDEJINGSHENTUPU,WEISHIDAIHUAXIANG、WEISHIDAILICHUAN、WEISHIDAIMINGDE。

第二,希望大家坚持以人民为中心。人民是历史的创造者。一切成就都归功于人民,一切荣耀都归属于人民。面向未来,要战胜前进道路上的种种风险挑战,顺利实现中共十九大描绘的宏伟蓝图,必须紧紧依靠人民。正所谓“大鹏之动,非一羽之轻也;骐骥之速,非一足之力也”。中国要飞得高、跑得快,就得汇集和激发近14亿人民的磅礴力量。

澳门AG WENXUEYISHUCHUANGZAO、ZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEYANJIUSHOUXIANYAOGAOQINGCHUWEISHEICHUANGZUO、WEISHEILIYANDEWENTI,ZHEISHIYIGEGENBENWENTI。RENMINSHICHUANGZUODEYUANTOUHUOSHUI,ZHIYOUZHAGENRENMIN,CHUANGZUOCAINENGHUODEQUZHIBUJIN、YONGZHIBUJIEDEYUANQUAN。WENHUAWENYIGONGZUOZHEYAOTIAOCHU“SHENBIANDEXIAOXIAODEBEIHUAN”,ZOUJINSHIJIANSHENCHU,GUANZHAORENMINSHENGHUO,BIAODARENMINXINSHENG,YONGXINYONGQINGYONGGONGSHUXIERENMIN、MIAOHUIRENMIN、GECHANGRENMIN。ZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEGONGZUOZHEYAOZOUCHUXIANGYATA,DUODAOSHIDIDIAOCHAYANJIU,LEJIEBAIXINGSHENGHUOZHUANGKUANG、BAWOQUNZHONGSIXIANGMAIBO,ZHEYANQUNZHONGXUYAOJIEYISHIHUO、CHANMINGDAOLI,BAXUEWENXIEJINQUNZHONGXINKANLI。ZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEBAOKUOWENHUAWENYIBUJIEDIQIBUXING,YAOJIESHIXIANSHIDESHEHUIWENTI,KAISHENMECHUFANGZHISHENMEBING,SHOUXIANYAOBASHISHENMEBINGGAOQINGCHU。YAOBAHAOMAI,ZHONGGUOSHENTIZENMEYANG,RUGUOYOUBINGSHISHENMEBING,YONGSHENMEYAOLAIZHI,DUIZHEIXINLIYAOTOULIANGTOULIANGDE。HAOMAIDOUHAOBUQINGCHU,NEIZHISHENMEBING?

第三,希望大家坚持以精品奉献人民。大师、大家,不是说有大派头,而是说要有大作品。我们提到老子、孔子、孟子,想到的是《道德经》、《论语》、《孟子》;提起陶渊明、李白、杜甫,想到的是他们的千古名篇;说到柏拉图、莎士比亚、亚当·斯密,想到的也是他们的《理想国》、《哈姆雷特》、《国富论》。如果不把心思和精力放在创作精品上,只想着走捷径、搞速成,是成不了大师、成不了大家的。我在文艺工作座谈会上也说过,没有优秀作品,其他事情搞得再热闹、再花哨,那也只是表面文章、过眼烟云。

YIQIEYOUJIAZHI、YOUYIYIDEWENYICHUANGZUOHEXUESHUYANJIU,DOUYINGGAIFANYINGXIANSHI、GUANZHAOXIANSHI,DOUYINGGAIYOULIYUJIEJUEXIANSHIWENTI、HUIDAXIANSHIKETI。XIWANGDAJIALIZUZHONGGUOXIANSHI,ZHIGENZHONGGUODADI,BADANGDAIZHONGGUOFAZHANJINBUHEDANGDAIZHONGGUORENJINGCAISHENGHUOBIAOXIANHAOZHANSHIHAO,BAZHONGGUOJINGSHEN、ZHONGGUOJIAZHI、ZHONGGUOLILIANGCHANSHIHAO。YUANCHUANGXINGSHIHAOZUOPINDEBIAOZHI。WENYICHUANGZUOYAOYIZHAGENBENTU、SHENZHISHIDAIWEIJICHU,ZAIGUANNIANHESHOUDUANJIEHESHANG、NEIRONGHEXINGSHIRONGHESHANGJINXINGSHENDUCHUANGXIN,TIGAOZUOPINDEJINGSHENGAODU、WENHUANEIHAN、YISHUJIAZHI。ZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEYANJIUYAOLIZUZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIWEIDASHIJIAN,TICHUJUYOUZIZHUXING、DUCHUANGXINGDELILUNGUANDIAN,GOUJIANZHONGGUOTESEXUEKETIXI、XUESHUTIXI、HUAYUTIXI。QUNIAN,WOZAIQUANGUOXUANCHUANSIXIANGGONGZUOHUIYISHANGQIANGDIAOYAOZENGQIANG“JIAOLI、YANLI、NAOLI、BILI”,ZHEIYESHICHUANGZUOJINGPINLIZUODEQIANTIHEJICHU。XIWANGWENHUAYISHUJIE、SHEHUIKEXUEJIEDEWEIYUANDAIHAOTOU、ZUOBIAOLV。CHULETIANFUYIWAI,QUESHIYAOQUJILEI、QUWAJUE,HENDUOSHIQINGDOUSHIZAIXIJIE,YANDIANYING、XIEXIAOSHUODOUSHIXIJIE,XIJIEGANREN,XIJIEYAOZHENSHI,ERZHENSHIYAOQUWAJUE。

第四,希望大家坚持用明德引领风尚。《左传》讲“太上有立德,其次有立功,其次有立言”,立德是最高的境界。文化文艺工作者、哲学社会科学工作者都肩负着启迪思想、陶冶情操、温润心灵的重要职责,承担着以文化人、以文育人、以文培元的使命。大家社会影响力大,理应以高远志向、良好品德、高尚情操为社会作出表率。

澳门AG MINGMINGDE,SHOUXIANYAOMINGDADE、LIDADE。XINSHIDAIDEWENHUAWENYIGONGZUOZHE、ZHEXUESHEHUIKEXUEGONGZUOZHEMINGDADE、LIDADE,JIUYAOYOUXINYANG、YOUQINGHUAI、YOUDANDANG,SHULIGAOYUANDELIXIANGZHUIQIUHESHENCHENDEJIAGUOQINGHUAI,BAGERENDEYISHUZHUIQIU、XUESHULIXIANGTONGGUOJIAQIANTU、MINZUMINGYUNJINJINJIEHEZAIYIQI,TONGRENMINFUZHIJINJINJIEHEZAIYIQI,NULIZUODUIGUOJIA、DUIMINZU、DUIRENMINYOUGONGXIANDEYISHUJIAHEXUEWENJIA。YAOJIANSHOUGAOSHANGZHIYEDAODE,DUOXIAKUGONG、DUOLIANZHENGONG,ZUODAOQINYEJINGYE。YAOZIJUEJIANXINGSHEHUIZHUYIHEXINJIAZHIGUAN,ZAISHICHANGJINGJIDACHAOMIANQIANZIZUNZIZHONG、ZIZHENZIAI,JIANGPINWEI、JIANGGEDIAO、JIANGZEREN,DIZHIDISUYONGSUMEISU。LIANGHAOZHIYEDAODETIXIANZAIZHIZHEJIANSHOUSHANG,YAOYOU“WANGJINTIANYALU”DEZHUIQIU,NAIDEZHU“ZUOYEXIFENGDIAOBISHU”DEQINGLENGHE“DUSHANGGAOLOU”DEJIMO,ZUIHOUDADAO“MORANHUISHOU,NEIRENQUEZAI,DENGHUOLANSHANCHU”DELINGWU。

JINNIANSHIXINZHONGGUOCHENGLI70ZHOUNIAN。70NIANDILIFENJIN,WOMENDEGUOJIAFASHENGLETIANFANDIFUDEBIANHUA,ZHONGHUAMINZUYINGLAILECONGZHANQILAI、FUQILAIDAOQIANGQILAIDEWEIDAFEIYUE。WULUNSHIZAIZHONGHUAMINZULISHISHANG,HAISHIZAISHIJIELISHISHANG,ZHEIDOUSHIYIBUGANTIANDONGDIDEFENDOUSHISHI。XIWANGDAJIASHENKEFANYING70NIANLAIDANGHERENMINDEFENDOUSHIJIAN,SHENKEJIEDUXINZHONGGUO70NIANLISHIXINGBIANGEZHONGSUOYUNZANGDENEIZAILUOJI,JIANGQINGCHULISHIXINGCHENGJIUBEIHOUDEZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIDAOLU、LILUN、ZHIDU、WENHUAYOUSHI,GENGHAOYONGZHONGGUOLILUNJIEDUZHONGGUOSHIJIAN,WEIDANGHERENMINJIXUQIANJINTIGONGQIANGDAJINGSHENJILI。

QUNIANDI,WOZAIQUANGUOZHENGXIEXINNIANCHAHUAHUISHANGQIANGDIAO,RENXINSHIZUIDADEZHENGZHI,GONGSHISHIFENJINDEDONGLI。SHIXIAN“LIANGGEYIBAINIAN”FENDOUMUBIAO、SHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHONGGUOMENG,XUYAOHUIJUQUANMINZUDEZHIHUIHELILIANG,XUYAOGUANGFANNINGJUGONGSHI、BUDUANZENGJINTUANJIE。WOMENYAOZHUNQUEBAWORENMINZHENGXIEDEXINGZHIDINGWEI,JUJIAODANGHEGUOJIAZHONGXINRENWULVZHIJINZE,JIAQIANGHEGAIJINZHENGXIEMINZHUJIANDUGONGZUO,GUANGFANNINGJUSHIXIANZHONGHUAMINZUWEIDAFUXINGDEZHENGNENGLIANG。XIWANGGEWEIZHENGXIEWEIYUANBUDUANTIGAOZISHENSUZHIHENENGLI,ZAIFANGFANGMIANMIANDOUFAHUIDAITOUZUOYONG,ZUODAOBUFUZHONGTUO、BURUSHIMING。

(ZHEISHIXIJINPINGZONGSHUJI2019NIAN3YUE4RIZAICANJIAQUANGUOZHENGXIESHISANJIEERCIHUIYIWENHUAYISHUJIE、SHEHUIKEXUEJIEWEIYUANLIANZUHUISHIDEJIANGHUA。)