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在新的起点上深化国家监察体制改革
[学习路上]  2019-04-29 作者: 来源:求是、学习强国


2018年3月20日,第十三届全国人民代表大会第一次会议在北京人民大会堂举行闭幕会。会议经表决,通过了监察法,国家主席习近平签署第三号主席令予以公布。左图为第十三届全国人民代表大会第一次会议闭幕会正在表决《中华人民共和国监察法(草案)》(新华社记者 丁海涛/摄),右图为《中华人民共和国监察法》。


SHENHUAGUOJIAJIANCHATIZHIGAIGESHIGUANCHEDANGDESHIJIUDAJINGSHEN、JIANQUANDANGHEGUOJIAJIANDUTIXIDEZHONGYAOBUSHU,SHITUIJINGUOJIAZHILITIXIHEZHILINENGLIXIANDAIHUADEYIXIANGZHONGYAOGAIGE。WOMENYIZHEIGETIMUJINXINGJITIXUEXI,MUDESHISHENHUARENSHI、ZENGQIANGXINXIN,ZAIXINDEQIDIANSHANGSHENHUADANGDEJILVJIANCHATIZHIHEGUOJIAJIANCHATIZHIGAIGE,WEIXINSHIDAIWANSHANHEFAZHANZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYIZHIDU、TUIJINQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGTIGONGZHONGYAOZHIDUBAOZHANG。

澳门AG DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,DANGZHONGYANGJIUYIZHISIKAOHEMOUHUARUHESHIYINGQUANMIANCONGYANZHIDANGXINXINGSHI,ZAIQIANGHUADANGNEIGEFANGMIANJIANDUDETONGSHI,GENGHAOFAHUIJIANCHAJIGUANZHINENGZUOYONG,QIANGHUAGUOJIAJIANCHA,BAGONGQUANLIGUANJINZHIDUDELONGZI。ZAIDANGZHONGYANGLINGDAOXIA,ZHONGYANGJIWEIZUZHIXIEDIAO,CONGBEIJING、ZHEJIANG、SHANXISHIDIANTANSUODAOQUANGUOTUIKAI,ZAIDAOZUJIANGUOJIAHESHENGSHIXIANJIANCHAWEIYUANHUI,TONGJILVJIANCHAWEIYUANHUIHESHUBANGONG,GAIGEQUDEZHONGYAOJIEDUANXINGCHENGGUO。

一、国家监察体制改革成效初显

澳门AG DANGDESHIJIUDATICHUGOUJIANJIZHONGTONGYI、QUANWEIGAOXIAODEGUOJIAJIANCHATIXI,BAZUJIANGUOJIAJIANCHAWEIYUANHUILIEZAISHENHUADANGZHONGYANGJIGOUGAIGEFANGANDIYITIAO,XINGCHENGYIDANGNEIJIANDUWEIZHU、QITAJIANDUXIANGGUANTONGDEJIANCHAHELI。JINGGUOYIDUANSHIJIANNULI,GUOJIAJIANCHATIZHIGAIGEYIJINGXIANSHICHUDUOFANGMIANCHENGXIAO。

澳门AG YISHIYOULIYUDANGDUIFANFUBAIGONGZUODEJIZHONGTONGYILINGDAO。TONGGUOTIZHIJIZHICHUANGXIN,WOMENBAXINGZHENGJIANCHABUMEN、YUFANGFUBAIJIGOUHEJIANCHAJIGUANFANFUBAIXIANGGUANZHIZEJINXINGZHENGHE,JIEJUELEGUOQUJIANCHAFANWEIGUOZHAI、FANFUBAILILIANGFENSAN、JIFAXIANJIEBUCHANGDENGWENTI,YOUHUALEFANFUBAIZIYUANPEIZHI,SHIXIANLEDANGNEIJIANDUHEGUOJIAJIANCHA、YIGUIZHIDANGHEYIFAZHIGUOYOUJITONGYI。

ERSHIYOULIYUDUIGONGQUANLIJIANDUDEQUANFUGAI。WOMENBASUOYOUXINGSHIGONGQUANLIRENYUANNARUTONGYIJIANDUDEFANWEI,JIEJUELEGUOQUDANGNEIJIANDUHEGUOJIAJIANCHABUTONGBU、BUFENXINGSHIGONGQUANLIRENYUANCHUYUJIANDUZHIWAIDEWENTI,SHIXIANLEDUIGONGQUANLIJIANDUHEFANFUBAIDEQUANFUGAI、WUSIJIAO。

澳门AG SANSHIYOULIYUJIANCHIBIAOBENJIANZHI、GONGGUKUODAFANFUBAIDOUZHENGCHENGGUO。DANGDESHIJIUDAYILAI,QUANGUOJIJIANJIANCHAJIGUANCHONGFENFAHUIXINTIZHIDEZHILIXIAONENG,SHOULONGWUZHI,ZHONGQUANCHUJI,BUGANFUDEZHENSHEXIAOYINGCHONGFENXIANXIAN,YIPIFUBAIFENZITOUANZISHOU,BIAOBENJIANZHIZONGHEXIAOYINGGENGJIATUXIAN。

SHIJIANZHENGMING,DANGZHONGYANGGUANYUTUIJINGUOJIAJIANCHATIZHIGAIGEDEJUECESHIWANQUANZHENGQUEDE。WOMENYAOBAOCHIZHANLVEDINGLI,CHIXUSHENHUAGAIGE,CUJINZHIJIZHIFAGUANTONG,YOUXIAOXIANJIESIFA,TUIJINFANFUBAIGONGZUOFAZHIHUA、GUIFANHUA,QIANGHUABUGANFUDEZHENSHE,ZHALAOBUNENGFUDELONGZI,ZENGQIANGBUXIANGFUDEZIJUE。

二、加强对公权力的监督

WOJIANGGUO,GUOJIAZHIQUANNAISHI“SHENQI”,SHIGESHENSHENGDEDONGXI。GONGQUANLIXINGGONG,YEBIXUWEIGONG。ZHIYAOGONGQUANLICUNZAI,JIUBIXUYOUZHIYUEHEJIANDU。BUGUANJINLONGZI,GONGQUANLIJIUHUIBEILANYONG。MAKESIQIANGDIAO,SHEHUIZHUYIGUOJIADEYIQIEQUANLISHUYURENMIN,YIQIEGONGZHIRENYUANBIXU“ZAIGONGZHONGJIANDUZHIXIAJINXINGGONGZUO”。LIENINGQIANGDIAO,YAOTIGAOJIANDUJIGUANDEDIWEI、GUIGE、QUANWEI,JIANLIQIBAOKUODANGNEIJIANDU、RENMINJIANDU、FALVJIANDUZAINEIDEJIANDUTIXI,YIFANGZHIGONGZHIRENYUANCHENGWEI“TUOLIQUNZHONG、ZHANZAIQUNZHONGZHISHANG、XIANGYOUTEQUANDERENWU”。

WOMENDANGCONGCHENGLIZHIRIQIJIUGAODUZHONGSHIQUANLIJIANDUWENTI。ZAIZHONGYANGSUQU、YANANSHIQI,WOMENDANGTANSUOLEYITAODUISUWEIAIZHENGFU、BIANQUZHENGFUHEGEMINGGENJUDIRENMINZHENGQUANZUZHIJIQIGONGZUORENYUANDEJIANDUBANFA。XINZHONGGUOCHENGLIHOU,WOMENDUIJIAQIANGGONGQUANLIJIANDUJINXINGLEBUXIETANSUO。DANGDESHIBADAZHIHOU,WOMENDANGZAIJIAQIANGDUIGUOJIAJIQIDEJIANDU、QIESHIBAGONGQUANLIGUANJINZHIDUDELONGZIFANGMIANZUOLEDALIANGTANSUOHENULI,MUDEJIUSHIYAOQUEBAORENMINFUYUDEQUANLISHIZHONGYONGLAIWEIRENMINMOUXINGFU。

SHENHUAGUOJIAJIANCHATIZHIGAIGEDECHUXIN,JIUSHIYAOBAZENGQIANGDUIGONGQUANLIHEGONGZHIRENYUANDEJIANDUQUANFUGAI、YOUXIAOXINGZUOWEIZHELIDIAN,TUIJINGONGQUANLIYUNXINGFAZHIHUA,XIAOCHUQUANLIJIANDUDEZHENKONGDIDAI,YASUOQUANLIXINGSHIDERENXINGKONGJIAN,JIANLIWANSHANDEJIANDUGUANLIJIZHI、YOUXIAODEQUANLIZHIYUEJIZHI、YANSUDEZERENZHUIJIUJIZHI。

澳门AG GUOJIAJIANCHASHIDUIGONGQUANLIZUIZHIJIEZUIYOUXIAODEJIANDU,JIANCHAWEIYUANHUIDIYIXIANGZHIZEJIUSHI“DUIGONGZHIRENYUANKAIZHANLIANZHENGJIAOYU,DUIQIYIFALVZHI、BINGGONGYONGQUAN、LIANJIECONGZHENGCONGYEYIJIDAODECAOSHOUQINGKUANGJINXINGJIANDUJIANCHA”。YAOJIAOYUJIANDUGEJIGUOJIAJIGUANHEGONGZHIRENYUANLAOJISHOUZHONGDEQUANLISHIDANGHERENMINFUYUDE,SHISHANGXIAZUOYOUYOUJIESHOUKONGDE,QIEBUKESUIXINSUOYU、WEISUOYUWEI,ZUODAOBINGGONGYONGQUAN、YIFAYONGQUAN、LIANJIEYONGQUAN、WEIMINYONGQUAN。YAODUCUZHANGWOGONGQUANLIDEBUMEN、ZUZHI、GERENQIANGHUAFAZHISIWEI,YANGEZAIXIANFAFALVFANWEINEIHUODONG,YANGEYIZHAOFADINGQUANXIANHECHENGXUXINGSHIQUANLI,JUEBUYUNXURENHEZUZHIHUOZHEGERENYOUCHAOYUEFALVDETEQUAN。

YAOQIANGHUADUIGONGQUANLIDEJIANDUZHIYUE,DUCUZHANGWOGONGQUANLIDEBUMEN、ZUZHIHELIFENJIEQUANLI、KEXUEPEIZHIQUANLI、YANGEZHIZEQUANXIAN,WANSHANQUANZEQINGDANZHIDU,JIAKUAITUIJINJIGOU、ZHINENG、QUANXIAN、CHENGXU、ZERENFADINGHUA。YAODINGJINGONGQUANLIYUNXINGGEGEHUANJIE,WANSHANJISHIFAXIANWENTIDEFANGFANJIZHI、JINGZHUNJIUZHENGPIANCHADEJIAOZHENGJIZHI,GUANHAOGUANJIANREN、GUANDAOGUANJIANCHU、GUANZHUGUANJIANSHI、GUANZAIGUANJIANSHI,TEBIESHIYAOBAYIBASHOUGUANZHUGUANHAO。YAORENZHENZHIXINGMINZHUJIZHONGZHI,WANSHAN“SANZHONGYIDA”JUECEJIANDUJIZHI,YONGHAOPIPINGHEZIWOPIPINGDERUILIWUQI,BASHANGJIDUIXIAJI、TONGJIZHIJIANYIJIXIAJIDUISHANGJIDEJIANDUCHONGFENDIAODONGQILAI,ZENGQIANGJIANDUSHIXIAO。YAOBARICHANGJIANDUHEXINFANGJUBAO、XUNSHIXUNCHAJIEHEQILAI,JIAQIANGDUIWENTIZHENGGAILUOSHIQINGKUANGDEDUCUJIANCHA,DUIZHENGGAIZHUABUHAODEYAOYANSUWENZE。

澳门AG “SHANBUKESHI,EBUKEZHANG。”YAOJIANCHICHENGQIANBIHOU、ZHIBINGJIUREN,YUNYONGHAOJIANDUZHIJI“SIZHONGXINGTAI”,ZHUAZAOZHUAXIAO,FANGWEIDUJIAN。YAOQIANGHUAJIANDUZHIJI,JISHIFAXIANHECHACHUDANGFENGDANGJIFANGMIANDEWENTI,TONGSHIQIANGHUAJIANCHAZHIFA,JISHIFAXIANHECHACHUYIFALVZHI、BINGGONGYONGQUAN、LIANJIECONGZHENGCONGYEYIJIDAODECAOSHOUDENGFANGMIANDEWENTI,BAQUANLIYUNXINGDEGUIJULIQILAI。

XUYAOQIANGDIAODESHI,QUANLIJIANDUDEMUDESHIBAOZHENGGONGQUANLIZHENGQUEXINGSHI,GENGHAOCUJINGANBULVZHIJINZE、GANSHICHUANGYE。YIFANGMIANYAOGUANZHULUANYONGLANYONGQUANLIDEDUZHIXINGWEI,LINGYIFANGMIANYAOGUANZHUBUYONGQIYONGQUANLIDESHIZHIXINGWEI,ZHENGZHIBUDANDANG、BUZUOWEI、MANZUOWEI、JIAZUOWEI,ZHUYIBAOHUNEIXIEGANYUFUZE、GANYUDANDANGZUOWEIDEGANBU,DUINEIXIESHOUDAOWUGAOXIANHAIDEGANBUYAOJISHIYUYICHENGQING,XINGCHENGJIZHUOYANGQING、GANSHICHUANGYEDELIANGHAOZHENGZHISHENGTAI。

三、完善纪检监察体制机制

澳门AG XIANZAI,GUOJIAJIANWEIHESHENGSHIXIANSANJIJIANWEIYIJINGZUJIANWANCHENG。ZAIXINQIDIANSHANG,YAOYIXINSHIDAIZHONGGUOTESESHEHUIZHUYISIXIANGWEIZHIDAO,QUANMIANGUANCHELUOSHIDANGDESHIJIUDAHESHIJIUJIEERZHONG、SANZHONGQUANHUIJINGSHEN,JIANCHIMUBIAODAOXIANG,JIANCHIWENTIDAOXIANG,JIXUBAJIJIANJIANCHATIZHIGAIGETUIXIANGQIANJIN。

DIYI,GAIGEMUBIAOBUNENGPIAN。SHENHUAJIJIANJIANCHATIZHIGAIGESHIYAOSHIXIANBIAOBENJIANZHI。YAOQIANGHUABUGANFUDEZHENSHE,BAOCHICHENGZHIFUBAIGAOYATAISHI,QIANGHUAJIANDUHEJIANCHAQUANFUGAIDEZHENSHEXIAOYING,BUDUANSHIFANGQUANMIANCONGYANQIANGLIEXINHAO。YAOZHALAOBUNENGFUDELONGZI,BA“DANGXIAGAI”HE“ZHANGJIULI”JIEHEQILAI,XINGCHENGKAOZHIDUGUANQUAN、GUANSHI、GUANRENDEZHANGXIAOJIZHI。YAOZENGQIANGBUXIANGFUDEZIJUE,YINDAODANGYUANGANBUJIANDINGLIXIANGXINNIAN,QIANGHUAZONGZHIYISHI,SHULIZHENGQUEDESHIJIEGUAN、RENSHENGGUAN、JIAZHIGUAN,YINGZAOFENGQINGQIZHENGDECONGZHENGHUANJINGHESHEHUIFENWEI。

澳门AG DIER,GONGZUOZHINENGYAOGENSHANG。YAOQIANGHUAZHENGZHIJIANDU,ZUOSHIRICHANGJIANDU,KAOQIANJIANDU、ZHUDONGJIANDU,JIANJUEPOCHUKONGFANSHIBIAOTAI、YINGJINGSHIGUOCHANG、YUNDONGSHIZAOSHIDENGXINGSHIZHUYI、GUANLIAOZHUYIWENTI,WEIHUDANGZHONGYANGQUANWEIHEJIZHONGTONGYILINGDAO,QUEBAODANGZHONGYANGZHONGDAJUECEBUSHULUOSHIDAOWEI。

DISAN,GEXIANGGUIZEYAOGENSHANG。YAOZHENGHEGUIFANJIJIANJIANCHAGONGZUOLIUCHENG,QIANGHUANEIBUQUANLIYUNXINGDEJIANDUZHIYUE;JIANQUANTONGYIJUECE、YITIYUNXINGDEZHIJIZHIFAGONGZUOJIZHI,BASHIYONGJILVHESHIYONGFALVJIEHEQILAI;TUIDONGJIJIANJIANCHAGONGZUOSHUANGZHONGLINGDAOTIZHIJUTIHUA、CHENGXUHUA、ZHIDUHUA,DAIDONGZHENGGEJIJIANJIANCHAXITONGTIGAOLVZHIZHILIANG。

澳门AG DISI,PEITAOFAGUIYAOGENSHANG。YAOZHIDINGTONGJIANCHAFAPEITAODEFALVFAGUI,JIANGJIANCHAFAZHONGYUANZEXING、GAIKUOXINGDEGUIDINGJUTIHUA,XINGCHENGXITONGWANBEI、KEXUEGUIFAN、YUNXINGYOUXIAODEFAGUITIXI。

DIWU,XIEDIAOJIZHIYAOGENSHANG。YAOQIANGHUADUIJIJIANJIANCHATIZHIGAIGEDELINGDAO,DUINEIJIAQIANGKUABUMENKUADIQUTONGCHOUXIEDIAO,DUIWAIJIAQIANGFANFUBAIGUOJIZHUITAOZHUIZANGGONGZUO。YAOQIZHIXIANMINGZHICHIJIWEIJIANWEIXINGSHIZHIQUAN,WEIQILVXINGZHIZECHUANGZAOYOULITIAOJIAN。YAOJISHIYANJIUJIEJUEJIJIANJIANCHATIZHIGAIGEZHONGYUDAODEWENTI,SHIFANFUBAIGONGZUOZAIJUECEBUSHUZHIHUI、ZIYUANLILIANGZHENGHE、CUOSHISHOUDUANYUNYONGSHANGGENGJIAXIETONGGAOXIAO。JIJIANJIANCHAJIGOUYAOFAHUIHESHUBANGONGYOUSHI,TUIJINJILVJIANDU、JIANCHAJIANDU、PAIZHUJIANDU、XUNSHIJIANDUXIEDIAOXIANJIE,TUIDONGDANGNEIJIANDUTONGGUOJIAJIGUANJIANDU、MINZHUJIANDU、SIFAJIANDU、QUNZHONGJIANDU、YULUNJIANDUYOUXIAOGUANTONG,BAQUANLIZHIYUYANMIJIANDUZHIXIA。

四、规范和正确行使国家监察权

JIJIANJIANCHAJIGUANJIANFUZHEDANGHERENMINZHONGTUO,BIXULAOJIDATIEBIXUZISHENYINGDEZHENGZHIYAOQIU。DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,WODUOCITANDAO“SHEILAIJIANDUJIWEI”、FANGZHI“DENGXIAHEI”,ZHEIJIUSHIJIANDUZHEYAOJIESHOUJIANDUDEWENTI。ZHEIDUIXINGSHIJIANDUQUANDEJIGOUHETONGZHITONGYANGSHIYONG。JIJIANJIANCHAJIGUANYAOMAKESIZHUYISHOUDIANTONGJIZHAOBIERENGENGZHAOZIJI,BUNENGZHIZHAOTAREN、BUZHAOZIJI。ZAIZHEILI,WOYAOZAICITIXING,JIJIANJIANCHAJIGUANBUSHITIANRANDEBAOXIANXIANG,JIANCHAQUANSHIBASHUANGRENJIAN,YEYAOGUANJINZHIDUDELONGZI,ZIJUEJIESHOUDANGHERENMINJIANDU,XINGSHIQUANLIBIXUSHIFENJINSHEN,YANGEYIJIYIFA。

“SHANJINZHE,XIANJINQISHENERHOUREN;BUSHANJINZHE,XIANJINRENERHOUSHEN。”JIJIANJIANCHAGANBUCHUZAIZHENGFENGSUJIFANFUDIYIXIAN,SHIKEMIANLINZHEFUSHIHEFANFUSHIDEKAOYAN,HENRONGYIBEI“WEILIE”。YAOQIUQITAGUOJIAJIGUANHEGONGZHIRENYUANZUODAODE,JIJIANJIANCHAJIGUANHEJIJIANJIANCHAGANBUBIXUSHOUXIANZUODAO,JIANJUEBUNENGLANYONGZHIQUAN、YIQUANMOUSI,TEBIESHIBUNENGGAOXUANZEXINGJIANDU、SUIYIZHIJIDIAOCHA、RENXINGWENZECHUZHI。

DANGDESHIBADAYILAI,JIJIANJIANCHAJIGUANHEJIJIANJIANCHAGANBUZAIGUANCHELUOSHIDANGZHONGYANGJUECEBUSHUFANGMIANZUODESHIHAODE。YISHIYISHIDAIHAOTOUBUNAN,NANDESHISHISHISHISHIZUOBIAOLV。JIJIANJIANCHAJIGUANHEGANBURENHESHIHOUDOUYAOKEJISHENXING、SHOUZHUDIXIAN,ZHAJINZHIDULONGZI,QIANGHUAZIWOYUESHU。ZHONGYANGJIWEIGUOJIAJIANWEIJIGUANYAODAITOUJIAQIANGDANGDEZHENGZHIJIANSHE,ZENGQIANG“SIGEYISHI”,JIANDING“SIGEZIXIN”,SHIZHONGZIJUEZAISIXIANGSHANGZHENGZHISHANGXINGDONGSHANGTONGDANGZHONGYANGBAOCHIGAODUYIZHI,ZAIDASHIDAFEIMIANQIANGANYULIANGJIAN、GANYUDOUZHENG,DAITOUQIANGHUAZIWOJIANDU,ZIJUEJIESHOUDANGNEIJIANDUHESHEHUIJIANDU,JISHIDASAOTINGYUAN、QINGLIMENHU,NULIJIANSHERANGDANGZHONGYANGFANGXIN、RENMINQUNZHONGMANYIDEMOFANJIGUAN。GUANGDAJIJIANJIANCHAGANBUYAOZUODANGHERENMINDEZHONGCHENGWEISHI,JIANDINGLIXIANGXINNIAN,TIGAOZHENGZHINENGLI,JIAQIANGZIWOYUESHU,BUDUANZENGQIANGZHUANYENENGLI,QIANGHUAJIFASIWEITEBIESHICHENGXUYISHI,ZHUDONGJIESHOUZUZHIJIANDU,ZAIZUNJISHOUFA、YANYULVJISHANGZUOBIAOLV。

 (ZHEISHIXIJINPINGZONGSHUJI2018NIAN12YUE13RIZAISHIJIUJIEZHONGYANGZHENGZHIJUDISHIYICIJITIXUEXISHIDEJIANGHUA。)